Complete guide on career planning

It is important to identify your interests, values, and skills to better understand the types of work that would be a good fit for you. You should also research the job market to get an idea of what types of jobs are available and what the prospects are for those jobs.

Once you have a good understanding of yourself and the job market, you can begin developing a career plan. Your career plan should include short-term and long-term goals, as well as steps you will take to achieve those goals. You should also make a general timeline that includes when to take college courses when to get work experience in your target field, and what credentials you need to attain. (For more information on the steps in career planning see Career Planning.)

A key step in any career plan:

A person holding a cell phone

It is finding a job or internship related to the career path you are considering. You should carefully select jobs and observe them before you commit to a long-term job. You should also research the companies that are offering these jobs, especially if they are for full-time positions.

When thinking about what type of job you want, it is helpful, to begin with, some basic career clusters. Career clusters group related occupations based on the subject matter or similar skills. There are several high school and college courses that can help you get a job in each of these career clusters.

The healthcare industry:

A person using a laptop computer sitting on top of a table

It is one of the most important industries in the United States, and it has been growing at a fast pace. A wide variety of medical jobs such as physicians, nurses, pharmacists, dieticians, and more are grouped into the Health Care career cluster. The healthcare industry provides jobs in all areas of health care, including hospitals, nursing homes, family practice clinics, and many other settings.


Physicians are trained to identify and treat human illnesses. They have a deep understanding of the human body, so they can diagnose diseases properly and provide effective treatment. Physicians are at the top of the healthcare industry, and they provide basic medical treatment. They often work in family practices or emergency rooms.


Nurses are at the heart of the healthcare system. Nurses are responsible for monitoring patients’ symptoms and vital signs, administering medication to patients, explaining surgical procedures to patients, assisting physicians with examinations, and providing emotional support to patients.


Pharmacists are responsible for preparing medications that physicians have prescribed. Pharmacists are trained in pharmaceutical chemistry which is the science of how drugs are produced and what they are used to treat. Pharmacists understand the uses of various medications so they can properly prepare them according to a physician’s specifications. They are responsible for making sure that technicians are preparing the correct dosage of medication by following physicians’ orders.


Dieticians are food and nutrition experts who help people plan healthy meal plans, track their eating habits, and provide advice on how to live a healthier lifestyle. They are trained to understand how each kind of food is processed in the body, so they can design meal plans that promote good health.


Teachers are responsible for instructing students on various academic subjects, such as math, science, English, and history. They must be able to effectively communicate the material so their students can learn it. Teachers also grade papers and test some students to ensure they are understanding the material.

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